music is written on a staff that has five lines and four
The letter names of the
lines are E, G, B, D, F. It's easily remembered by the
The letter names of the spaces from the
bottom up spell FACE.
It's very important to remember the
names of the lines and spaces of the staff.
is divided into measures by bar lines.
Bar Line Bar
Line Bar Line
Types of Notes -
the type of note indicates the duration
or how long you let the note ring.
Whole Note - 4 beats, the whole note is a hollow head
and doesn't have a stem.
Half Note - 2 beats, the half note has a hollow head and
a stem. There are two half notes in the second measure,
each one gets 2 beats.
Dotted Half Note - 3 beats, the dot placed after any
note adds to that note half of its original value.
Quarter Note - 1 beat, the quarter note has a solid head
and a stem. There are four quarter notes in measure 4, each one gets a beat.
The Rest -
indicating to stop a note, for every type of note there
is an equivalent rest.
1. Whole Rest - 4 beats
2. Half Rest
- 2 beats
3. Quarter Rest - 1 beat
Time Signatures -
indicate how the
measure will be divided into beats, the top number is
how many beats are in the measure and the bottom number
is what kind of note gets a beat. The following example
shows the most basic time signatures.
- divides measure into 4 beats.
- divides measure into 3 beats.
3. 2/4 time
- divides measure into 2 beats.